فيروس الكورونا الجديد

شدة الإصابة ومعدل الشفاء من فيروس الكورونا الجديد

شدة الإصابة ومعدل الشفاء من فيروس الكورونا الجديد

شدة الإصابة ومعدل الشفاء من فيروس الكورونا الجديد .

COVID-19.

في المقالة السابقة تعرفنا سوياً على دورة حياة الفيروس  ،وحالة الجسم البشري  التي ينتظرها الفيروس لكي يقوم بالهجوم عليه، الآن نتعرف على العوامل التي تؤثر في-  The Severity of infection  شدة العدوى.-  Recovery rate   معدل الشفاء 

العوامل الستة (6) المتحكمة في شدة الإصابة ومعدل شفاء فيروس الكورونا الجديد:

يمكن أخذ الحروف الأولى من تلك العوامل والتعبير عنها في كلمة  ASCING أسكينج.

العامل الأول  Age  العمر :

وهذا العامل لا يوجد تدخل فيه.

العامل الثاني STRESS التوتر والإجهاد النفسي:

الغدة الكظرية أو  Adrenal gland  أو الغدة فوق الكلوية،هى المسؤلة عن مساعدة الجسم في حالات الخوف والتوتر والضغوط النفسية والعصبية،وعند حدوث قصور كظري يسبب مرض Addison disease ،بسبب هذا المرض تتوقف الغدة فوق الكلوية عن  العمل  وينتج  عن  ذلك  نقص  في   خلايا  T- cells المهمة جدا للجسم لأنها تعتبر السلاح المهم في مقاومة العدوى الفيروسية.

العامل الثالث Chronic diseases  الأمراض المزمنة :

الأمراض المزمنة أمراض تدوم فترات طويلة وتتطوّر بصورة بطيئة عموماً. وتأتي الأمراض المزمنة، مثل أمراض القلب والسكتة الدماغية والسرطان والأمراض التنفسية المزمنة والسكري، في مقدمة الأسباب الرئيسية للوفاة في شتى أنحاء العالم، لذلك في وجود الأمراض المزمنة ترتفع شدة الإصابة ، وينخفض معدل الشفاء من العدوى الفيروسية.

العامل الرابع  Immune system  الجهاز المناعي:

ضعف جهاز المناعة يجعل الإنسان أكثر عرضة وقابلية للإصابة بالفيروسات،وهناك بعض النقاط اللتي يجب علينا جميعا معرفتها ، لأنها تؤثر مباشرةً على جهاز المناعة.
  • Microflora هي بكتيريا أو ميكروبات موجودة في الجهاز الهضمي، وحول جسم الإنسان ، ولها تأثير مهم على جهاز المناعة وهي نوعين ضار ونافع،ولذلك عند غستخدام المضادات الحيوية  نجد أن هناك زيادة في إحتمال الإصابة بالعدوى الفيروسية.
  • استخدام المضادات الحيوية.
  • المنشطات والمسكنات.
  • الأدوية.
  • العلاج الكيماوي.  

العامل الخامس  Genetics   أيضا لا نستطيع التدخل فيه.

العامل السادس Nutrients  العناصر الغذائية :

العناصر الغذائية تعتبرأهم عامل من العوامل الست ، لأن من السهل التحكم فيها ، وأيضا من خلالها يمكن التحكم في 
  1. نشاط الجهاز المناعي.
  2. التأثير على الأمراض المزمنة.
  3. والتحكم في التوتر والإجهاد. 

عند حدوث سوء تغذية يحدث أمران مهمان.

الأول الفيروسات تصبح أكثر قوة وشراسة   Viruses become stronger .
الثاني الجهاز المناعي يصبح أكثر ضعفا   Immune system become weaker .
هناك 5 عناصر غذائية أساسية في محاربة العدوى الفيروسية .

أولا  Vit C :

الفيتامين الأهم في محاربة الفيروسات ، وهو مضاد فيروسي قوى جدا،وذلك للأسباب الآتية.
  • مفعوله السريع في الشفاء من نزلات البرد .
  • يُسرع من الشفاء من عدوى الرئة.
  • يقلل من قابلية الجسم للإصابة بالأمراض المختلفة.
  • يزيد من كرات الدم البيضاء.

وبمناسبة أهمية فيتامين سي في مقاومة العدوى الفيروسية، الصين في الفترات الحالية ،قامت بالحقن  الوريدي لمجموعة كبيرة من مرضى فيروس الكورونا الجديد بجرعة كبيرة من فيتامين سي حوالي 24000 ملجم يومياً  و لمدة أسبوع .لماذا ؟

عند الإصابة بالعدوى الفيروسية فإن الفيروسات تستنزف vit c  وهذه استراتيجية خبيثة لأن استنذاف   vit c يؤدي إلى تقليل كرات الدم البيضاء.
أيضا فيتامين سي مهم في تصنيع Interferon  وهي بروتينات صغيرة تقوم بمقاومة العدوى الفيروسية ،عن طريق القضاء على الخلايا المصابة وليست عن طريق القضاء على الفيروس.
كيف نحصل على  Vit C من الغذاء:
 Sourkaut  مخلل الملفوف أو الكرنب، الإنسان يحتاج يومياً من 70مجم الى 90 مجم  Vit C ، وكوب من بعض أنواع مخلل الملفوف تحتوي على 700 مجم من Vit C .
– الفلفل الحلو سواء أخضر أو ألوان.

ثانيا Vit E :

ضروري جدا في بناء مقاومة الجسم ضد الفيروسات ،والشئ المثير للإهتمام أنه توجد أطعمة تقضي على مخزون  Vit E مثل الحبوب المكررة والكربوهيدرات المكررة .
كيف نحصل على Vit E  من الغذاء:
– يوجد بكثرة في زيت جنين القمح !!! يجب نوضيح شئ مهم أن المكونان المهمان في القمح ويوجد بهم  Vit E هما جنين القمح والقشرة والأثنين غير موجودان في الكربوهيدرات المكررة أو الحبوب المكررة. 
– بذور دوار الشمس أو لب دوار الشمس.
– اللوز.
– البذور والمكسرات الغير محمصة .
– الخضروات الورقية.
– السلطات والأفوكادو.

ثالثا Vit D:

يمكن الحصول عليه عند التعرض لآشعة الشمس ولذلك يطلق عليه فيتامين الشمس، له الكثير من الفوائد التي تؤثر على صحة جسم الإنسان وخاصة الأطفال ، فهويساعد على امتصاص الكالسيوم ويقي أيضا من هشاشة العظام، ويساعد في تقوية جهاز المناعة والوقاية من بعض أنواع السرطانات والأمراض المزمنة. 
كيف نحصل على  Vit D  من الغذاء.
– الأسماك (سلمون ،تونة ،سردين)
– زيت كبد الحوت.
– صفار البيض.
– الفطر.
– الكبد البقري.

رابعاً Zinc :

يدخل الزنك في عمل أكثر من 200 أنزيم، والزنك مهم جدا في انتاج البروتينات والأحماض النووية، (المادة الوراثية للخلايا) ، يوجد الزنك بكثرة في الأسماك ، والمأكولات البحرية.

خماساً Selenium :

السيلينيوم عنصر مهم ومضاد للأكسدة، يقاوم الشوارد الحرة ، ويصلح الخلايا التالفة ،
ويمكن الحصول عليه من، الأسماك  والمأكولات البحرية ،المكسرات.

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